I have added to areas that needed further clarification and many of the symptoms overlap.
The Codes of Practice are national developed guidelines for the care and handling of farm animals. They serve as our national understanding of animal care requirements and recommended practices.
Codes promote sound management and welfare practices for housing, care, transportation and other animal husbandry practices. Codes of Practice have been developed for virtually all farmed animal species in Canada. The Codes of Practice are the result of a rigourous Code development process, taking into account the best science available for each species, compiled through an independent peer-reviewed process, along with stakeholder input.
The Code development process also takes into account the practical requirements for each species necessary to promote consistent application across Canada and ensure uptake by stakeholders resulting in beneficial animal outcomes. Given their broad use by numerous parties in Canada today, it is important for all to understand how they are intended to be interpreted.
Requirements represent a consensus position that these measures, at minimum, are to be implemented by all persons responsible for farm animal care. When included as part of an assessment program, those who fail to implement Requirements may be compelled by industry associations to undertake corrective measures, or risk a loss of market options.
Requirements also may be enforceable under federal and provincial regulation. Recommended Practices are those which are generally expected to enhance animal welfare outcomes, but failure to implement them does not imply that acceptable standards of animal care are not met.
Broad representation and expertise on each Code Development Committee ensures collaborative Code development. Stakeholder commitment is key to ensure quality animal care standards are established and implemented. This Code represents a consensus amongst diverse stakeholder groups.
Consensus results in a decision that everyone agrees advances animal welfare but does not imply unanimous endorsement of every aspect of the Code. Codes play a central role in Canada's farm animal welfare system as part of a process of continuous improvement.
As a result, they need to be reviewed and updated regularly. Codes should be reviewed at least every five years following publication and updated at least every ten years. It is widely accepted that animal welfare codes, guidelines, standards or legislation should take advantage of the best available research.
A Scientific Committee review of priority animal welfare issues for the species being addressed provided valuable information to the Code Development Committee in developing this Code of Practice.
The Scientific Committee report is peer reviewed and publicly available, enhancing the transparency and credibility of the Code. Introduction The most significant influence on the welfare of equines is the care and management provided by the person s responsible for their daily care.
Those responsible for equines should consider the following factors: These freedoms form a framework for analysis of welfare within any system and those responsible for equines are encouraged to consider the Five Freedoms.
Freedom from Discomfort - by providing an appropriate environment including shelter and a comfortable resting area. Freedom from Pain, Injury and Disease - by prevention or rapid diagnosis and treatment.
Freedom to Express Normal Behaviour - by providing sufficient space, proper facilities and company of the animal's own kind. Freedom from Fear and Distress - by ensuring conditions and treatment which avoid mental suffering. All herd sizes require adequate human resources to ensure observation, care and welfare of individual animals.
Neither financial cost nor any other circumstances should result in a delay in treatment or neglect of the animals. Equines are classified as livestock in Canadian legislation e. They have multiple uses and purposes and are raised for recreation, work, competition and for meat.
The equine industry is very diverse and this Code has been written with consideration of the different management systems in use. The authors recognize that there is more than one way to provide good animal welfare for equines.
The scope of the equine Code of Practice is on-farm i. This is to avoid duplication or inconsistencies between Codes. The equine Code includes important pre-transport considerations but does not address animal care during transport.
For specific guidelines or codes of conduct associated with equine activities that take place off farm, contact the respective governing body.
Specific reference is only made to donkeys, mules or other specific equines at the outset of each Code chapter, and within chapters, when necessary. This collaborative selection process culminated in an person Committee. Representing a broad cross-section, the CDC members have significant expertise in care and custody, equine health and veterinary care, technical knowledge, research, animal protection legislation, enforcement, biosecurity and international best practices.Job Interview Question: How Do You Handle Stress / Pressure?
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